Grade 8 Goals
The Common Core standards for Grade 5 have been recast as a studentfriendly list of goals, listed in the table below and available in this PDF. Click to open.
CCSS 
EXPRESSIONS, EQUATIONS, & FUNCTIONS


8.EE.A 
8E1

Work with radicals and integer exponents.  
8.EE.1 
8E11

Simplify and evaluate numerical expressions with integer exponents.  
8.EE.1  8E12

Develop and apply properties of exponents.  
8.EE.2  8E13

Use square root and cube root symbols.  
8.EE.2  8E14

Evaluate square roots and cube roots.  
8.EE.3  8E15

Convert between standard notation and scientific notation. Students have been working with powers of 10 since Grade 5.  
8.EE.3  8E16

Use scientific notation to compare relative sizes of numbers. For example, students should be able to write the ratio of 8,000,000 to 40,000 in scientific notation, then simplify to find that the first number is 200 times the second number.  
8.EE.4  8E17

Perform operations on numbers in scientific notation.  
8.EE.4  8E18

Use scientific notation to solve problems.  
8.EE.4  8E19

Convert measurement results to appropriate units. For example, a distance of 0.0031 kilometers is easier to understand as 3.1 meters.  
8.EE.B 
8E2

Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations.  
8.EE.5  8E21

Graph proportional relationships.  
8.EE.5  8E22

Compare two representations of a proportional relationship.  
8.EE.6  8E23

Use similar triangles to verify that a line has constant slope.  
8.EE.6  8E24

Relate linear equations to slopes and intercepts.  
8.EE.C 
8E3

Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.  
8.EE.7a  8E31

Simplify and solve linear equations by writing equivalent forms.  
8.EE.7a  8E32

Identify or write equations with 0, 1, or infinitely many solutions.  
8.EE.7b  8E33

Simplify and solve linear equations with rational coefficients.  
8.EE.8a  8E34

Identify the solution to a system of two linear equations as the intersection point.  
8.EE.8b  8E35

Solve systems of two linear equations algebraically.  
8.EE.8b  8E36

Estimate the solution to two linear equations by graphing.  
8.EE.8c  8E37

Solve problems involving systems of two linear equations.  
CCSS 8.F.A 
8E4

Define, evaluate, and compare functions. *NOTE: Because F was used for the Fractions domain, goals for the CCSS Functions domain have been annexed to the EE domain.  
8.F.1  8E41

Understand that a function is a rule. 

8.F.2  8E42

Compare two representations of a function.  
8.F.3  8E43

Decide if a function is linear or nonlinear.  
8.F.B 
8E5

Use functions to model relationships between quantities.  
8.F.4  8E51

Identify rate of change from a graph, table, or description.  
8.F.4  8E52

Identify initial value of a function from a graph, table, or description.  
8.F.4  8E53

Write a function from the rate of change and initial value.  
8.F.5  8E54

Describe features of a nonlinear function from its graph.  
8.F.5  8E55

Sketch a graph from a verbal description of its features.  
CCSS 
GEOMETRY


8.G.A 
8G1

Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software.  
8.G.1 
8G11

Identify congruent parts in rotations, reflections, and translations. Transformations are new for Grade 8 and should be a major emphasis.  
8.G.2  8G12

Identify transformations that move a figure onto a congruent figure.  
8.G.3  8G13

Use coordinates to describe translations, reflections, and rotations.  
8.G.4  8G14

Use coordinates to describe dilations.  
8.G.4  8G15

Compare ratios of side lengths to decide if two figures are similar.  
8.G.4  8G16

Identify the scale factor that enlarges or reduces a figure to match a similar figure.  
8.G.4  8G17

Identify transformations that move a figure onto a similar figure.  
8.G.5  8G18

Justify and calculate angle measures in triangles and line figures.  
8.G.5  8G19

Justify the angleangle criterion of similar triangles.  
8.G.B 
8G2

Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.  
8.G.6  8G21

Explain a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.  
8.G.7  8G22

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find lengths.  
8.G.8  8G23

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find distance between points.  
8.G.C 
8G3

Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres.  
8.G.9  Apply the formula for volume of a cone.Volume of a rectangular prism was introduced in Grade 5 and extended in Grades 6 and 7.  
8.G.9  8G32

Apply the formula for volume of a cylinder.  
8.G.9  8G33

Apply the formula for volume of a sphere.  
8.G.9  8G34

Apply formulas to find volumes of combined solids.  
CCSS 
THE NUMBER SYSTEM


8.NS.A 
8N1

Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.  
8.NS.1  8N11

Identify rational and irrational numbers.  
8.NS.1  8N12

Convert repeating decimals to rational numbers.  
8.NS.2  8N13

Find approximations for irrational numbers.  
CCSS 
STATISTICS & PROBABILITY


8.SP.A 
8S1

Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.  
8.SP.1  8S11

Construct scatter plots.  
8.SP.1  8S12

Interpret scatter plots.  
8.SP.2  8S13

For data that appear to be linear, estimate a line of best fit.  
8.SP.2  8S14

Informally assess the fit of a linear model.  
8.SP.3  8S15

Interpret a linear model for realworld data.  
8.SP.4 
16

Compare frequencies and relative frequencies from twoway tables. For example, the twoway table below shows the number of girls and boys that preferred red and blue.


Goals were developed by Angie Seltzer. Highlighted parts are from Grade 8 CCSS, Copyright 2010. National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Council of Chief State School Officers. All rights reserved. 